19 Battery had the distinction of being the senior Battery in the Royal
Raised on 26May 1716 as T. Pattison's Company,
it was granted
the honour title "Gibraltar 1779 - 83" on 13 Nov 1934 in recognition of
its service during the siege of Gibraltar.
From 1779 to 1783 the British
in Gibraltar under General Elliott were
continuously besieged by overwhelming French and
Spanish land and naval
The garrison, never more than 7,000 men,
facing the constant
hazards of disease and starvation, and withstanding successive attacks
from fire ships, heavy bombardment and battering ships, held out for year
after year against an enemy which at times numbered over 40,000.
The siege was raised on 5 Feb
1783 after 3 years 7 months and 12 days of
Of the 1231 killed, the Royal Artillery
heaviest losses. To commemorate their courage five Battery's now bear the
honour title Gibraltar 1779-83."
Since 1945 the Battery has been
placed into suspended animation twice. It
was finally reformed on 19 Jul 1955 as 19 (Gibraltar
1779 - 83) heavy
Battery with 39 Regiment at Perham Down.
After a tour in Cyprus in 1958
the Battery moved to Sennelager and
re-equipped with Honest John Missile. In 1972 it moved to Dortmund and on
1977 to Menden converting to the Lance Missile system.
19 Battery along with the
other missile Batteries provided tactical support
to 1 (BR) Corps operating throughout
West Germany during the era of the
Outside Germany the Battery has
seen active service all over the world,
including America, South Africa, Malta, UK and
more recently Cyprus and
Northern Ireland. Several members of the Battery served with units
Gulf Conflict, bringing the total number of actions fought to 31.
In March 1993 50 Missile Regiment
was placed into suspended animation.
The Battery title was amalgamated with
5 (Gibraltar) Battery to become 19/5
Gibraltar Battery and was to be based at
Been the British Battery, in the
Allied Command Europe, mobile force Artillery.